What is meant by pets or pets?
They are those pets, whatever their species (not only dogs and cats), which they are held by persons for company or security. Excluding animals whose tenure be regulated by special laws, as the hunting law.
What is responsible ownership?
It is the set of obligations which a person when you decide to accept and maintain a pet or pet. Must register with the competent authority where appropriate, provide food, hostel and good treatment, provide the necessary veterinary care for your welfare and not subject it to suffering throughout his life.
Responsible pet ownership also involves the obligation to take all necessary measures to prevent the pet or pet cause damage to persons or property of others.
The owner is also responsible for feeding, health management, especially the collection and disposal of the feces, and compliance with any other obligation under the law and related legislation.
How you will operate the registration of dogs and cats?
Identification must be made through a single system, using a permanent and indelible device, so as to enable relate responsible for such pet or pets.
The Ministry of the Interior and Public Security must provide a computing platform registration and identification of pets and pets, to be accessed by municipalities.
What is meant by animal abandoned?
It is all pet or pet that is no surveillance of the person responsible for him or wandering loose on public roads. It is also considered abandoned animal which had been left in distress on private property.
cur is considered that without good has no owner, It is held in public spaces throughout the day or the day largely unchecked.
Community called dog that has no particular owner, but a community feeds and delivers basic care.
How the application of the law shall be regulated?
There should be a regulation issued by the Ministry of Interior and Public Security, also signed by the Minister of Health. That standard should be approved within 180 days since the law was published.
What matters regulated by Regulation?
1. Requirements education campaigns in responsible pet ownership for the whole community.
2. Conditions for the development of programs to prevent the abandonment of animals and encourage relocation and responsible care of these.
3. Conditions for the development of programs and compulsory mass sterilization of animals.
4. Registration and identification systems of animals.
5. Systems to discourage indiscriminate breeding and reproduction of animals.
What is a potentially dangerous animal?
It is all pet or pet that has been described as such by the health authority. It is indicated in the regulations which are potentially dangerous dogs based on the following characteristics:
a. Belonging to certain races and crosses or hybrids.
b. physical features.
c. Existence of aggressive behavior or previous episodes of aggression.
The judge may qualify as potentially dangerous to one copy of the canine species that has caused, at least, minor injury to a person or major damage to another specimen of the same species.
What should responsible for an animal described as potentially dangerous?
You should take special security measures and protection determined by the regulations regarding the issue.
The regulations set special conditions in respect of these animals tenure, such as a ban on training for aggression, obligation to keep the animals in a safe and appropriate to its features provided space fence, Hiring a liability insurance, compulsory sterilization, and, if necessary, psychological evaluations of the owners of such animals.
Owners or holders of potentially dangerous dogs will be required to submit to obedience training.
Hatchery owners and sellers of potentially dangerous dogs must be registered in the National Register of Breeders and sellers Potentially Dangerous Animals of the canine species.
What role do municipalities?
Municipalities must issue an ordinance on responsible pet ownership or pets in the communal territory, which must comply with the legislation and the regulations.
You can authorized the killing of animals as a control mechanism?
Municipal ordinances and regulations of other utilities may not allow the use of methods that support the sacrifice as a control system of the animal population.
What policy makers imposed pet food?
All food products pet or pets to be marketed in the country must contain a space in the container in which the public will be informed what is meant by holding them responsible for. This rule shall apply one year after the law is published.
What should the state do to control the population of dogs and cats?
The Ministry of the Interior and Public Security may prioritize education for responsible pet ownership, especially to control the population of dogs and cats.
Municipalities may establish, within the framework of their budget availability, grant funds which will apply to legal entities and non-profit to promote responsible ownership.
What work should the Ministry of Education?
The Ministry of Education will provide guidance to educational institutions at all levels on issues related to the care of pets, the commitment of the people with them, with the environment, hygiene and health of both people and animals.
Can there be training dogs to make them more aggressive?
No. those responsible pet or pets aimed at enhancing training is prohibited and strengthen their aggressiveness. You can only do in the case of dogs belonging to the Armed Forces, the Public Order and Security and Gendarmerie of Chile.
Failure to comply with this rule will be punished with a fine and perpetual absolute inability to animal husbandry.
Can there be fights pet as shows?
No, is prohibited. Those who organize animal fights will be punished with a fine of two to thirty monthly tax units and you could apply a penalty of imprisonment of imprisonment in its minimum to medium degrees (61 days to three years)
What sanction is the abandonment of animals?
Abandoning animals will be considered abuse and animal cruelty and will be punished according to the crime of abuse or cruelty to animals, namely, with the penalty of imprisonment in its minimum to medium degrees ( 61 days to three years) and a fine of two to thirty monthly tax units, or only with the latter.
What penalty applies to other violations of the law on responsible ownership?
It is punishable by a fine of one to thirty monthly tax units, without prejudice to the application of the provisions of the Penal Code on animal abuse and other related standards.
In case of recidivism, It may be imposed up to twice the fine. The local police judge is empowered to arrange the confiscation of the animal and admission to an animal shelter or temporary maintenance center or delivery to the person appointed and accepts the order, the period determined.
In cases where the offenses are committed by temporary maintenance centers or retail locations, breeding and exhibition pets or pets, They may apply fines of up to fifty monthly tax units. In case of recidivism the fine will be doubled. Moreover, It may be imposed temporary closure, up to three months, or the definitive closure of the establishment.
What special penalty is established for those who mistreat a pet or pet?
Perpetual absolute inability to animal husbandry.
What is the penalty for an act or omission causes damage to the animal?
The penalty is imprisonment in its minimum to medium degrees (61 days to three years) and a fine of ten to thirty monthly tax units, besides the perpetual absolute inability accessory for holding any kind of animal.
If injury which severely damage physical integrity or death being caused provoke the animal's rigorous imprisonment shall be imposed in its medium degree (541 days to three years) and a fine of twenty to thirty monthly tax units, in addition to the accessory of perpetual absolute inability to animal husbandry.
Who monitors compliance with the law?
municipalities, in matters within its competence, and the health authority.
Are the organizations promoting responsible pet ownership can sue in cases of abuse?
In the case of the crime of abuse or animal cruelty they may sue organizations that promote responsible pet ownership or pets, Whatever your address within the country.
Are there other penalties provided for by law?
Any other violation of the provisions of this law on responsible pet ownership and pet is punishable by a fine of one to thirty monthly tax units, unless the conduct has a more serious penalty.
What records should maintain and manage the Ministry of Interior and Public Security?
Within a period of 90 days since the law is published should be operational the following records:
1. A National Register of Pets or pets.
2. A National Registry of Potentially Dangerous Animals of the canine species.
3. A National Register of Legal Entities Nonprofit Promoting Responsible pet ownership and pet.
4. A National Register of Breeders and sellers Pets or pets.
5. A National Register of Breeders and sellers Potentially Dangerous Animals of the canine species.
6. A National Register of Temporary Maintenance Centers Pet or Companion Animals.
What will happen to stray dogs?
Municipalities have powers to rescue every animal that does not have identification and be found in streets, parks, squares and vacant lots. City staff will deliver the non-profit entities that are registered in the National Register of Legal Entities Nonprofit Promoting Responsible pet ownership and pets to sanitize, sterilize and relocate the care of any person or organization to assume its responsibility tenure.
Does a dog owner liable for the damage caused?
Primarily responsible for an animal governed by the law civilly liable for damages caused by the animal action, without prejudice to the criminal liability that applies to you.
The pet owner will not be liable if the affected person legally entered property without authorization or justification or made to commit a crime. This applies even if the dog causes serious injury or death.
How should operate temporary maintenance centers pet or pets?
All temporary maintenance center pets or companion animals must keep a record with data from each of the animals entering the enclosure and graduate from him. It must maintain animal welfare conditions, adequate hygienic and sanitary.
How should operate establishments that sell pets?
Local sales and raising pet or pets will be conducted by a veterinarian. They will be required to keep a register containing the data determined by regulations of the Ministry of Health, and regular checks to be submitted animals.
The veterinarian in charge of these premises shall ensure that animals leave the establishment count on vaccines and deworming corresponding to the age and species of which concerned.
Hatchery owners and sellers of dogs and cats must be sterilized before delivery, unless the purchaser is another breeding duly established and registered in the appropriate register.
Failure to comply with the conditions of animal welfare and safety of persons shall be punished by a fine of one to fifty monthly tax units. In case of recidivism, the fine may be doubled.
What are temporary maintenance centers pet or pets?
There will be temporary maintenance centers pet or pets. Owners or managers of those places must enroll in an official record and must have the data of each of the animals entering the enclosure and graduate from him.
The enclosures must have sufficient space to meet the needs of animals and provide food and water in amounts necessary.
Also, They must have a sufficient number of caniles, cages and pens, according to the case.
What judges have jurisdiction to hear the law of pets and pet?
Local police judges.
Are there provisions for animals in disasters?
The National Emergency Office (Onemi) will incorporate in its protocols rescue instructions to rescue pets or pets, and will carry out preventive campaigns to educate people in the management of these species in disaster situations.